Types of small dogs

"Toy dog breeds"

dog breed selector

When researching the many types of small dogs one realizes there’s a lot to choose from. How do you decide which one is right for you? With their endearing qualities and unconditional love, choosing a companion can be as difficult as choosing a spouse.

It is a relationship that requires a serious commitment. A commitment from you to meet their needs and love them, as they will look to you as the leader of their pack.

This is a decision not to be taken lightly, as there are many things to consider. Although some small dogs can be a novelty such as those Teacup pups, choosing your canine companion based on novelty is never a good idea. 

Actually, Teacup’s are not a part of any canine registry. They are merely the runts of their litter and the results of breeders breeding all of their smallest dogs.

Hypoglycemia or blood sugar count problems

This type of selective breeding seems to be a trend that is catching on. However, the list of health problems for types of small dogs is a long one.

Because of their size they frequently suffer from hypoglycemia, (blood sugar count) which can quickly lead to death. And remember, teacups will grow. Ask to see the puppy’s parents to get an accurate idea of how big your teacup will get.

picture of small dog breed non shedding dog breed

AKC breeds

There is no standard height and weight guide listed for small dogs. Types of small dogs can be found in nearly all of the breed groups of the American Kennel Club.

Don’t limit yourself to only the Toy Group because the others also include small dogs. For example, the Lhasa Apso of the Non-Sporting group and the Basenji of the Hound Group would also be considered small dogs.

These dogs, however, are only small in stature. Keep in mind when looking for your canine companion that some of these small canines have big personalities and require as much, if not more, attention as their larger counterparts.

Working dogs, such as in the Herding Group, include Corgis and Shetland Sheepdogs. These dogs need to be worked with plenty of stimulation and exercise. If these dogs aren’t “worked” enough it will usually show up in their temperament as “bad behavior.”

dog names by breed

A wonderful resource about the different breeds and types of small dogs available would be Dr. Dan Rice’s book Small Dog Breeds .” He offers great advice and information in an easy to read format for over 50 breeds of small dogs.

It is filled with beautiful color photos and has an easy to use index that will help you quickly find any particular breed that you might be interested in. Dr. Rice lists the pros and cons of each breed, which is particularly helpful when deciding on which small dog is a perfect fit for you and your family’s lifestyle.


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